Causes of Diabetes in Children

Diabetes is frequently found in children causing due to improper secretion of insulin and increased glucose in blood showing symptoms like fatigue, hunger etc.

A chronic disease like diabetes was generally thought to be a disease of the adult. However with changing times many children are being diagnosed with diabetes ever since the child is born. Type 1 diabetes is the most common one in children and there are comparatively fewer cases of Type 2 diabetes in children. In type 1 diabetes, the pancreas becomes unable to produce the hormone insulin. In type 2 diabetes, the cells in child’s body are resistant to the effects of insulin and glucose building up in the bloodstream.

Causes of Type 1 diabetes in Children

The exact cause of type 1 diabetes in children is not properly known as there are children whose families do not have any sign of diabetes. In type 1 diabetes, the child’s body’s own immune system starts destroying the insulin producing cells in the pancreas. There are many different symptoms of type 1 diabetes, if your child suffers from them it is time for you to get your child diagnosed. Symptoms include-

  • Increased thirst and urination
  • Weight loss
  • Extreme hunger
  • Fatigue
  • Blurred vision
  • Irritability or unusual behavior
  • Yeast infection

Causes of Type 2 diabetes in Children

In type 2 diabetes, the islet cells do function but the child’s body becomes resistant to insulin or the pancreas does not produce enough insulin for the body.

The following risk factors can be associated with risks of type 1 diabetes in children-

  • Family history of diabetes / Genetic diabetes
  • Being overweight
  • Female gender
  • Other problems with insulin resistance

Symptoms of type 2 diabetes are as follows-

  • Dry mouth
  • Hunger and thirst even after eating along with frequent urination
  • Itchy skin
  • Slow healing of sores or cuts
  • Numbness or tingling in hands or feet
  • Heavy breathing
  • Blurred vision
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • fatigue

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